The following are terms you may hear or read while educating
yourself about breast health or dealing with breast cancer.
This is not a complete list of medical terms. If you have
any questions about terms not listed here, ask your health-care
chemotherapy: chemotherapy given before surgery to reduce
the size of a tumor.
a doctor who specializes in the treatment of cancer.
surgery to remove the ovaries.
reproductive organ in the female pelvis. Ovaries are the primary
source of estrogen.
that relieves symptoms, such as pain, but does not cure the
a doctor who examines tissue and cells under a microscope
to decide if they are normal cells or cancer cells.
scan: a body scan that indicates areas of possible cancer
and reconstructive surgeon: a doctor who can rebuild (reconstruct)
a catheter that is surgically implanted under the skin for
chemotherapy infusion and blood draws.
a prediction about the possible outcome of a disease.
an external breast form that fits into a bra after mastectomy.
oncologist: a doctor who uses radiation to treat cancer
or its symptoms.
a doctor who reads mammograms and performs other tests such
as x rays or ultrasound.
Radiation therapy: treatment with high-energy rays
to reduce the size of a cancer before surgery or to destroy
any remaining cancer cells after surgery.
surgery to rebuild or reconstruct a breast.
reappearance of cancer.
a term used to describe a decrease or disappearance of
cancer for any
period of time.
factors: anything that increases a persons chance
of developing cancer.