The following are terms you may hear or read while educating
yourself about breast health or dealing with breast cancer.
This is not a complete list of medical terms. If you have
any questions about terms not listed here, ask your health-care
calcium deposits in the breast, which can be benign or malignant.
DCIS - cancer that remains within the walls of the
LCIS - is a noninvasive growth limited to the milk
lobules. It is NOT cancer, but is a warning sign of increased
risk of developing breast cancer.
- Carcinoembryonic antigen: a blood test to determine
if treatment is effective. Not used for screening.
treatment with drugs to destroy cancer cells.
treatment: therapies such as acupuncture, visualization,
meditation, Tai Chi and yoga, used in addition to traditional
breast examination (CBE): breast examination by a medical
trials: research studies to test new drugs or procedures
on patients to compare current standard treatments with others
that may be equal or better.
SCAN (Computerized Axial Tomography Scan): a scan in which
multiple x rays are taken of all or part of the body to produce
an image of internal organs. Except for the injection of a
dye, needed in some but not all cases, this is a painless
biopsy: removal of a piece of tissue with a needle, which
is examined under a microscope to see if cancer cells are
present.The patient is given a local anesthetic before a core
biopsy is done.
a fluid-filled mass that is usually benign. The fluid can
be removed for analysis.
carcinoma: cancer that is found in the ducts and tissue
of the breast.
channels in the breast that carry milk to the nipple.