The following are terms you may hear or read while educating
yourself about breast health or dealing with breast cancer.
This is not a complete list of medical terms. If you have
any questions about terms not listed here, ask your health-care
therapies: therapies not necessarily proven by scientific
studies such as use of nutritional supplements.
therapy: treatment given in addition to surgery, such
as radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hormonal therapy.
a decreased number of red blood cells, which may cause fatigue.
Anesthesia: drugs given before and during surgery so
as not to feel discomfort.
medicines that prevent or control nausea and vomiting.
a substance that blocks the effects of estrogen on tumors.
Antiestrogens are used to treat breast cancers that depend
on estrogen for growth, i.e. Tamoxifin.
the circular area around the nipple of the breast. The areola
is typically darker than the rest of the breast.
fluid is drawn from a cyst with a needle and syringe.
lymph nodes: the lymph nodes in the armpit.
lymph node dissection: surgery to remove some of the lymph
nodes from the armpit.