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The Komen Mission:
To eradicate breast cancer as a life-threatening disease by advancing research, education, screening, and treatment.

Breast Problems


If you are reading this section, it is probably because you or your doctors are concerned about a possible breast problem. Be aware that most breast lumps, changes or other abnormalities are benign (not cancer). But it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.


Cysts are fluid-filled sacs within the breast tissue that generally become larger or more tender a week or so before the menstrual cycle begins. Sometimes, using a small needle, a doctor will remove the fluid from a cyst. For some women, reducing or eliminating caffeine from their diets may reduce the discomfort of cysts.

Fibrocystic means there is an “overgrowth” of fibrous tissue in the breast. This extra tissue can feel like lumps. Sometimes there are also fluid-filled cysts in addition to the overgrowth of fibrous tissue. This is called fibrocystic breast condition.

Fibroadenomas are benign solid tumors composed of fibrous tissue. They may feel smooth, movable, and rubbery.

Fat Necrosis is fatty tissue that breaks down and results in a hard solid lump in the breast.

Nipple discharge is generally not a symptom of cancer, but it must be evaluated. Certain medications, including some hormones, can cause occasional nipple discharge.